The relationship between sleep disturbance and depression: A review.

Mayers, A.G. and Baldwin, D.S., 2006. The relationship between sleep disturbance and depression: A review. International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice, 10 (1), pp. 2-16.

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DOI: 10.1080/13651500500328087

Abstract

This paper focuses on several aspects of the relationship between sleep and depression, with particular attention to objective factors and subjective perceptions. It does not address the effect that antidepressants have on sleep, nor does it explore the wider implications of the types and course of depression, age, or other psychiatric conditions. ‘Normal sleep’ is explored, examining typical sleep architecture in individuals without sleep disorders, psychiatric conditions or physical illness. Sleep disorders are reviewed and examined to present the nature of the disturbance and the role that they may play in depression, with particular attention paid to insomnia. Studies have identified a sub-group of insomnia patients (highly distressed poor sleepers), who appear to be less satisfied with their sleep quality than ‘low distressed poor sleepers’, even though they did not differ on sleep timing perceptions. Recent work has shown that depressed individuals to be less satisfied with sleep quality than healthy controls, even though they did not differ on sleep timing perceptions. The evidence presented here supports the view that subjective sleep perceptions play an important role in depression. Poor subjective perceptions of sleep in depression may be associated with faulty cognitions. This has been found extensively in insomnia, but is under-researched in depression.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:1368-5031
Uncontrolled Keywords:Sleep, depression, perception, electroencephalography
Subjects:Technology > Medicine and Health
Psychology
Group:Faculty of Science and Technology
ID Code:17254
Deposited By:Dr Andrew Mayers
Deposited On:31 Jan 2011 12:17
Last Modified:10 Sep 2014 15:51

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