Surface response of ceramics subject to erosive wear.

García-Atance Fatjo, G., 2010. Surface response of ceramics subject to erosive wear. PhD Thesis (PhD). Bournemouth University.

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Abstract

Research concerning the surface of technical ceramics is carried out from the viewpoint of their mechanical performance subjected to relevant operating conditions. The selected materials are silicon nitride, zirconia and alumina. They are subjected to cavitation erosion and other wear processes. When polished ceramics are subjected to cavitation, a pseudoplastic deformation pit is discovered, as well as a delayed phase transformation or ageing of the zirconia stored at room temperature. Measured ageing times recorded are of the order of one month. These two discoveries are novel and a full explanation is explored. The creation of cracks that release the slip planes of ceramic grains allowing plastic deformation is proposed to be the main mechanism. In order to understand the relationship of the zirconia surface degradation with its oxides (yttria or magnesia), several material compositions are tested. It is concluded that the delay of phase transformation relies on the existence of partially stabilized tetragonal zirconia regardless of the oxide used to stabilize it. Part of this research consists of understanding the effects of the experimental procedure that is utilised on the behaviour of the material. An unexpected non homogeneous cavitation erosion shape is obtained when an ultrasonic horn of small diameter is used to produce the bubbles. This non homogeneous region, referred to as ring region for this research, affects the erosion pattern of the material and it differs from the typical ones obtained when following the standard test. The acoustic theory does not explain this phenomenon. Therefore, a new approach is followed. This approach consists of using fluid mechanics equations combined with analytical mechanics principles. It is concluded that the location of cavitation clusters fulfils a condition of minimum energy. On the other hand, there are important differences between this experimental set up and the set up suggested by the published standards. These differences are discussed and a criterion for cavitation erosion resistance is developed. The comparison of cavitation resistance of materials is achieved by means of surface loss as criterion instead of volume loss.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Additional Information:If you feel that this work infringes your copyright please contact the BURO Manager.
Subjects:Technology > Manufacturing and Design > Metallurgy and Materials
Group:Faculty of Science and Technology
ID Code:17506
Deposited By:Mrs Jill Burns
Deposited On:11 Mar 2011 11:37
Last Modified:10 Sep 2014 15:51

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