Past plant use in Jordan as revealed by archaeological and ethnoarchaeological phytolith signatures.

Jenkins, E.L., Baker, A. and Elliott, S., 2011. Past plant use in Jordan as revealed by archaeological and ethnoarchaeological phytolith signatures. In: Mithen, S.J. and Black, E., eds. Water, life and civilisation: climate, environment and society in the Jordan Valley. Cambridge/New York: Cambridge University Press/UNESCO, pp. 381-399.

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Abstract

Ninety-six phytolith samples were analysed from seven archaeological sites ranging from the Pre-Pottery Neolithic to the Classical period and from two ethnoarchaeological sites in Jordan. The aims were to test the possibility of detecting past irrigation with the methodology outlined by Madella et al. (2009) and Jenkins et al. (Chapter 21, this volume) and to study the contextual and temporal variation of plant use in Jordan. We utilised a water availability index using the proportion of phytolith types and ordination statistical methods to explore the similarities between the phytolith assemblages. The result of applying the irrigation methodology was promising, with contexts from water channels showing the greatest indication of water availability. Changes in plant use through time were also apparent with regard to phytolith densities and taxonomy. Date palm was identified in the Pottery Neolithic, providing one of the earliest records for this taxon in Jordan. This study shows the potential of both the water availability index and the value of inter-site comparison of phytolith assemblages.

Item Type:Book Section
ISBN:9780521769570
Series Name:International Hydrology Series
Number of Pages:18
Series Name:International Hydrology Series
Uncontrolled Keywords:water, phytoliths, neolithic, Jordan
Subjects:History > Archaeology
Science > Biology and Botany
Geography and Environmental Studies
Group:Faculty of Science and Technology
ID Code:18268
Deposited By:Dr Emma L. Jenkins
Deposited On:08 Jul 2011 09:34
Last Modified:10 Sep 2014 15:52

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