Facilitating goal-oriented behaviour in the Stroop task: when executive control is influenced by automatic processing.

Parris, B., Bate, S., Brown, S.D. and Hodgson, T. L., 2012. Facilitating goal-oriented behaviour in the Stroop task: when executive control is influenced by automatic processing. PLoS One, 7 (10), e46994 - ?.

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DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0046994

Abstract

A portion of Stroop interference is thought to arise from a failure to maintain goal-oriented behaviour (or goal neglect). The aim of the present study was to investigate whether goal- relevant primes could enhance goal maintenance and reduce the Stroop interference effect. Here it is shown that primes related to the goal of responding quickly in the Stroop task (e.g. fast, quick, hurry) substantially reduced Stroop interference by reducing reaction times to incongruent trials but increasing reaction times to congruent and neutral trials. No effects of the primes were observed on errors. The effects on incongruent, congruent and neutral trials are explained in terms of the influence of the primes on goal maintenance. The results show that goal priming can facilitate goal-oriented behaviour and indicate that automatic processing can modulate executive control.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:1932-6203
Subjects:UNSPECIFIED
Group:Faculty of Science and Technology
ID Code:20710
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:16 Feb 2013 18:36
Last Modified:10 Sep 2014 14:55

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