Neural systems underlying decisions about affective odors.

Rolls, E. T., Grabenhorst, F. and Parris, B., 2010. Neural systems underlying decisions about affective odors. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 22 (5), 1069- 1082.

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Rolls, Grabenhorst, and Parris 2009 - JoCN.PDF - Published Version


DOI: 10.1162/jocn.2009.21231


Decision making about affective value may occur after the reward value of a stimulus is represented and may involve different brain areas to those involved in decision-making about the physical properties of stimuli, such as intensity. In an fMRI study, we delivered two odors separated by a delay, with instructions on different trials to decide which odor was more pleasant or more intense or to rate the pleasantness and intensity of the second odor without making a decision. The fMRI signals in the medial pFC area 10 and in regions to which it projects, including the ACC and insula, were higher when decisions were being made compared with ratings, implicating these regions in decision-making. Decision-making about affective value was related to larger signals in the dorsal part of medial area 10 and the agranular insula, whereas decisions about intensity were related to larger activations in the dorsolateral pFC, ventral premotor cortex, and anterior insula. For comparison, the mid-OFC had activations related not to decision making but to subjective pleasantness ratings, providing a continuous representation of affective value. In contrast, areas such as medial area 10 and the ACC are implicated in reaching a decision in which a binary outcome is produced.

Item Type:Article
Group:Faculty of Science and Technology
ID Code:20713
Deposited By: Dr Ben Parris
Deposited On:16 Feb 2013 19:15
Last Modified:05 Aug 2015 10:23

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