Watson, T., 2014. IPRA Code of Athens – the first international code of public relations ethics: Its development and implementation since 1965. Public Relations Review.
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In 1965, the International Public Relations Association (IPRA) adopted the International Code of Ethics, which became known as the Code of Athens (IPRA 2001). The Code was authored by Lucien Matrat, a French public relations pioneer, and reflected a hopeful, post-World War 2 ethical framework with its strong linkage to the United Nation’s Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948 (IPRA, 1994). A code of ethics was an early strategic imperative of IPRA, established 10 years before, and was coupled with a Code of Conduct, known as the Code of Venice of 1961 (IPRA, 1961, 2009). Both codes were adopted by many national public relations associations and widely promoted. Using sources from the IPRA archive, which only became available in 2011, and an interview with the sole surviving IPRA founder, the paper explores the Code’s evolution and its subsequent implementation and modification. A feature of the debate within IPRA about the Code was whether it was a statement of moral standards or a statement of ideals to which members should aspire. IPRA’s archive (to 2002), however, does not show any disciplinary application of the Codes to its members and their conduct over 37 years from 1965. The paper also considers the historical issues of preparing and implementing deontological ethical statements for public relations.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Code of Athens ; Ethics, ; Lucien Matrat ; Public relations|
|Group:||Faculty of Media & Communication|
|Deposited By:||Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic|
|Deposited On:||24 Dec 2013 12:14|
|Last Modified:||12 Apr 2016 04:15|
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