Gozlan, R. E., Marshall, W.L., Lilje, O., Jessop, C.N., Gleason, F.H. and Andreou, D., 2014. Current ecological understanding of fungal-like pathogens of fish: what lies beneath? Frontiers in microbiology, 62 (5), 1 - 16 .
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Despite increasingly sophisticated microbiological techniques, and long after the first discovery of microbes, basic knowledge is still lacking to fully appreciate the ecological importance of microbial parasites in fish. This is likely due to the nature of their habitats as many species of fish suffer from living beneath turbid water away from easy recording. However, fishes represent key ecosystem services for millions of people around the world and the absence of a functional ecological understanding of viruses, prokaryotes, and small eukaryotes in the maintenance of fish populations and of their diversity represents an inherent barrier to aquatic conservation and food security. Among recent emerging infectious diseases responsible for severe population declines in plant and animal taxa, fungal and fungal-like microbes have emerged as significant contributors. Here, we review the current knowledge gaps of fungal and fungal-like parasites and pathogens in fish and put them into an ecological perspective with direct implications for the monitoring of fungal fish pathogens in the wild, their phylogeography as well as their associated ecological impact on fish populations. With increasing fish movement around the world for farming, releases into the wild for sport fishing and human-driven habitat changes, it is expected along with improved environmental monitoring of fungal and fungal-like infections, that the full extent of the impact of these pathogens on wild fish populations will soon emerge as a major threat to freshwater biodiversity.
|Group:||Faculty of Science and Technology|
|Deposited By:||Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic|
|Deposited On:||17 Sep 2014 13:27|
|Last Modified:||23 Sep 2015 15:32|
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