A Review on Pressure Ulcer: Aetiology, Cost, Detection and Prevention Systems.

Mishu, M. C., Dubey, V. N., Hickish, T. F. and Cole, J., 2014. A Review on Pressure Ulcer: Aetiology, Cost, Detection and Prevention Systems. International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology, 3 (9), 419 - 428 .

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Abstract

Pressure ulcer (also known as pressure sore, bedsore, ischemia, decubitus ulcer) is a global challenge for today’s healthcare society. Found in several locations in the human body such as the sacrum, heel, back of the head, shoulder, knee caps, it occurs when soft tissues are under continuous loading and a subject’s mobility is restricted (bedbound/chair bound). Blood flow in soft tissues becomes insufficient leading to tissue necrosis (cell death) and pressure ulcer. The subject’s physiological parameters (age, body mass index) and types of body support surface materials (mattress) are also factors in the formation of pressure ulcer. The economic impacts of these are huge, and the subject’s quality of life is reduced in many ways. There are several methods of detecting and preventing ulceration in human body. Detection depends on assessing local pressure on tissue and prevention on scales of risk used to assess a subject prior to admission. There are also various types of mattresses (air cushioned/liquid filled/foam) available to prevent ulceration. But, despite this work, pressure ulcers remain common.This article reviews the aetiology, cost, detection and prevention of these ulcers.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:2277-9655
Subjects:UNSPECIFIED
Group:Faculty of Science and Technology
ID Code:21463
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:07 Oct 2014 08:05
Last Modified:07 Oct 2014 08:05

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