Adult consequences of late adolescent alcohol consumption: a systematic review of cohort studies.

McCambridge, J., McAlaney, J. and Rowe, R., 2011. Adult consequences of late adolescent alcohol consumption: a systematic review of cohort studies. PLoS Med, 8 (2), pp. 1-13.

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DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000413

Abstract

Background: Although important to public policy, there have been no rigorous evidence syntheses of the long-term consequences of late adolescent drinking. Methods and Findings: This systematic review summarises evidence from general population cohort studies of drinking between 15–19 years old and any subsequent outcomes aged 20 or greater, with at least 3 years of follow-up study. Fifty-four studies were included, of which 35 were assessed to be vulnerable to bias and/or confounding. The principal findings are: (1) There is consistent evidence that higher alcohol consumption in late adolescence continues into adulthood and is also associated with alcohol problems including dependence; (2) Although a number of studies suggest links to adult physical and mental health and social consequences, existing evidence is of insufficient quality to warrant causal inferences at this stage. Conclusions: There is an urgent need for high quality long-term prospective cohort studies in order to better understand the public health burden that is consequent on late adolescent drinking, both in relation to adult drinking and more broadly. Reducing drinking during late adolescence is likely to be important for preventing long-term adverse consequences as well as protecting against more immediate harms.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Adolescent ; Adult ; Alcohol Drinking ; Cohort Studies ; Humans ; Substance-Related Disorders ; Young Adult
Subjects:UNSPECIFIED
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:21977
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:26 May 2015 09:37
Last Modified:12 Apr 2016 04:15

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