Current socio-economic measures, and not those measured during infancy, affect bone mass in poor urban South african children.

Norris, S.A., Sheppard, Z., Griffiths, P.L., Cameron, N. and Pettifor, J.M., 2008. Current socio-economic measures, and not those measured during infancy, affect bone mass in poor urban South african children. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 23 (9), 1409 - 1416 .

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DOI: 10.1359/jbmr.080415

Abstract

Understanding the impact of socio-economic status (SES) on physical development in children is important, especially in developing countries where considerable inequalities persist. This is the first study to examine the association between SES on bone development at the whole body, femoral neck, and lumbar spine in black children living in Soweto and Johannesburg, South Africa. Linear regression models were used to study associations between SES during infancy and current SES, anthropometric, and DXA-derived bone mass in 9/10-yr-old children (n = 309). Findings suggest that current SES measures, rather than SES during infancy, are stronger predictors of current whole body bone area (BA) and whole body BMC after adjusting for body size, pubertal development, physical activity, habitual dietary calcium intake, and body composition. SES had no significant effect on either hip or spine bone mass. Caregiver's marital/cohabiting status (indicator of social support) and whether there was a television in the home (indicator of greater income) at age 9/10 yr were the most important socio-economic determinants of whole body BA and BMC. SES has a significant independent effect on whole body BMC through its impact on BA. This suggests that poverty alleviation policies in South Africa could have a positive effect on bone health.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:0884-0431
Uncontrolled Keywords:Bone and Bones ; Child ; Cohort Studies ; Confidence Intervals ; Female ; Humans ; Infant ; Male ; Organ Size ; Poverty ; Regression Analysis ; Socioeconomic Factors ; South Africa ; Time Factors ; Urban Population
Subjects:UNSPECIFIED
Group:School of Health and Social Care
ID Code:22184
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:07 Jul 2015 10:57
Last Modified:07 Jul 2015 10:57

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