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Examining the role of parental self-regulation in family physical activity: a mixed-methods approach.

Butson, M.L., Borkoles, E., Hanlon, C.., Morris, T., Romero, V. and Polman, R. C.J., 2014. Examining the role of parental self-regulation in family physical activity: a mixed-methods approach. Psychology and Health, 29 (10), 1137 - 1155 .

Full text available as:

Health psych paper.pdf - Accepted Version


DOI: 10.1080/08870446.2014.915969


Physical activity (PA) is essential for good health. However, parents risk becoming less active because of the demands of parenting. This has consequences for children as parents are role models. The present study used a mixed-methods approach to explore parental self-regulation associated with PA. Data were collected from 36 parents with preschool-aged children. They were interviewed about their PA and their family's PA. Parents also completed PA and self-regulation questionnaires and wore an accelerometer for five days. Qualitative data were examined using an inductive approach to thematic analysis. It showed that parents felt that they had limited time for personal PA. Mothers' self-regulation was driven by an ethic of care and subjective norms, whereas fathers' self-regulation was driven by beliefs about the importance of autonomy. Nevertheless, both parents saw caring for their children as the main priority. Quantitative data were examined using multiple regression analyses. Results showed that different self-regulatory behaviours predicted the PA of mothers and fathers. Which predictors were significant depended on the type of activity and how it was measured. The findings warrant longitudinal research that would enable the effect of family dynamics on self-regulation associated with PA to be assessed.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:behaviour ; children ; exercise ; parents ; physical activity ; self-regulation ; Adult ; Australia ; Child ; Child, Preschool ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Female ; Humans ; Infant ; Male ; Motor Activity ; Parent-Child Relations ; Parenting ; Parents ; Qualitative Research ; Questionnaires ; Regression Analysis ; Social Control, Informal
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:22291
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:28 Jul 2015 14:03
Last Modified:14 Mar 2022 13:52


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