Coastal saltmarsh managed realignment drives rapid breach inlet and external creek evolution, Freiston Shore (UK).

Friess, D. A., Möller, I., Spencer, T., Smith, G. M., Thomson, A. G. and Hill, R.A., 2014. Coastal saltmarsh managed realignment drives rapid breach inlet and external creek evolution, Freiston Shore (UK). Geomorphology, 208, 22 - 33 .

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DOI: 10.1016/j.geomorph.2013.11.010

Abstract

The creation of saltmarsh through the managed realignment of sea defences, implemented in NW Europe as a sustainable coastal defence option, represents a substantial hydrodynamic perturbation to the local coastal system. The impact of a significantly increased tidal prism on hydromorphological features was investigated at Freiston Shore, Lincolnshire UK. Local tidal conditions and inadequate drainage at this realignment trial contributed to significant channel erosion due to the establishment of water surface slopes and pooling between the newly realigned site and the adjacent intertidal zone. Very high spatial resolution aerial photography and blimp photography were used to monitor inlet evolution from breaching in August 2002 to March 2008, showing a highly non-linear response with breach channels increasing in width by up to 960% within 2.5. months. Airborne laser scanning/LiDAR and terrestrial laser scanning quantified breach channel volume increases, showing a similar pattern. Breach channel evolution did not follow established tidal prism-channel width/cross-sectional area relationships that are often used to guide realignment design. Pre- and post-breach rates of external creek morphology change between 1999 and 2006 were also quantified, with intertidal creeks attached to the breach channels increasing significantly after realignment in both width and depth. This study highlights the physical processes affected by managed realignment, and the importance of understanding the causes of complex water surface slopes at multiple scales. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:0169-555X
Uncontrolled Keywords:Coastal erosion ; Geomorphology ; Hydromorphology ; LiDAR ; Terrestrial laser scanning ; Tidal wetland
Subjects:UNSPECIFIED
Group:Faculty of Science and Technology
ID Code:22452
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:21 Sep 2015 10:32
Last Modified:21 Sep 2015 10:32

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