Animal movements in the Kenya Rift and evidence for the earliest ambush hunting by hominins.

Kubler, S., Owenga, P., Reynolds, S. C., Rucina, S.M. and King, G.C.P., 2015. Animal movements in the Kenya Rift and evidence for the earliest ambush hunting by hominins. Scientific Reports, 5, p. 14011.

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DOI: 10.1038/srep14011

Abstract

Animal movements in the Kenya Rift Valley today are influenced by a combination of topography and trace nutrient distribution. These patterns would have been the same in the past when hominins inhabited the area. We use this approach to create a landscape reconstruction of Olorgesailie, a key site in the East African Rift with abundant evidence of large-mammal butchery between ~1.2 and ~0.5 Ma BP. The site location in relation to limited animal routes through the area show that hominins were aware of animal movements and used the location for ambush hunting during the Lower to Middle Pleistocene. These features explain the importance of Olorgesailie as a preferred location of repeated hominin activity through multiple changes in climate and local environmental conditions, and provide insights into the cognitive and hunting abilities of Homo erectus while indicating that their activities at the site were aimed at hunting, rather than scavenging.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:2045-2322
Uncontrolled Keywords:Animal migration | Archaeology | Evolutionary ecology
Subjects:UNSPECIFIED
Group:Faculty of Science and Technology
ID Code:22492
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:23 Sep 2015 14:47
Last Modified:23 Sep 2015 15:00

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