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Obama’s 2012 Facebook Campaign: Political Communication in the Age of the Like Button.

Gerodimos, R. and Justinussen, J., 2015. Obama’s 2012 Facebook Campaign: Political Communication in the Age of the Like Button. Journal of Information Technology and Politics, 12 (2), 113 - 132.

Full text available as:

Gerodimos_and_Justinussen_(2014)_final_proofs.pdf - Accepted Version


Official URL:

DOI: 10.1080/19331681.2014.982266


This article examines the role of social media in contemporary political communication, focusing on Barack Obama’s Facebook campaign in the run-up to the 2012 presidential election. Although there is a growing body of literature on online forms of participation, little research exists on the role of social buttons on Facebook (like, comment, and share) as tools of political voice. We use these native interactive features as indicators of how citizens engage with particular political messages. A content analysis of posts published on Obama’s official Facebook page over the two months leading up to Election Day was conducted, along with a detailed measurement of all user interactions for each post. Our analysis indicates that the Obama campaign used Facebook as a tool of top-down promotion, focusing on Obama’s personality and as a means of strategically guiding followers to act, rather than as a means of bottom-up empowerment or hybridized coproduction. However, we also found that followers engaged selectively with campaign messages and often interacted more with policy-oriented posts than with promotional ones.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Published online 12 Dec 2014
Uncontrolled Keywords:political communication ; US Elections ; internet ; digital engagement ; Facebook ; social media ; Barack Obama ; political campaigns ; rhetoric ; personalization
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:22598
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:06 Oct 2015 14:46
Last Modified:14 Mar 2022 13:53


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