Smith, M. J., Atkin, A. and Cutler, C., 2017. An Age Old Problem? Estimating the Impact of Dementia on Past Human Populations. Journal of Aging and Health, 29 (1), pp. 68-98.
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An Age Old problem_FINAL submission_JAH.pdf - Accepted Version
OBJECTIVE: To model the impact of dementia on past societies. METHOD: We consider multiple lines of evidence indicating elderly individuals to have been more common throughout the past than is frequently accepted. We then apply known dementia incidence/prevalence rates to plausible assumptions of past population structures to suggest prevalence in the past. RESULTS: Dementia prevalence in premodern societies is likely to have been around 5% of the rate seen in modern, developed countries but with a total past incidence running into billions. DISCUSSION: Dementia is often seen as a "modern" challenge that humans have not had to contend with before. We argue that this condition has had considerably greater effects than previously envisaged and is a challenge that humans have already withstood successfully, on one hand at a lower incidence but on the other without the considerable clinical, technological, and social advances that have been made in recent times.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||active life expectancy; dementia; demography; epidemiology; history|
|Group:||Faculty of Science & Technology|
|Deposited By:||Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic|
|Deposited On:||15 Mar 2016 15:57|
|Last Modified:||24 Jan 2017 15:36|
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