A Role for Behavior in the Relationships Between Depression and Hostility and Cardiovascular Disease Incidence, Mortality, and All-Cause Mortality: the Prime Study.

Appleton, K., Woodside, J.V., Arveiler, D., Haas, B., Amouyel, P., Montaye, M., Ferrieres, J., Ruidavets, J.B., Yarnell, J.W.G., Kee, F., Evans, A., Bingham, A., Ducimetiere, P., Patterson, C.C. and PRIME study group, , 2016. A Role for Behavior in the Relationships Between Depression and Hostility and Cardiovascular Disease Incidence, Mortality, and All-Cause Mortality: the Prime Study. Annals of Behavioral Medicine.

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DOI: 10.1007/s12160-016-9784-x

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Behavioral factors are important in disease incidence and mortality and may explain associations between mortality and various psychological traits. PURPOSE: These analyses investigated the impact of behavioral factors on the associations between depression, hostility and cardiovascular disease(CVD) incidence, CVD mortality, and all-cause mortality. METHODS: Data from the PRIME Study (N = 6953 men) were analyzed using Cox proportional hazards models, following adjustment for demographic and biological CVD risk factors, and other psychological traits, including social support. RESULTS: Following initial adjustment, both depression and hostility were significantly associated with both mortality outcomes (smallest SHR = 1.24, p < 0.001). Following adjustment for behavioral factors, all relationships were attenuated both when accounting for and not accounting for other psychological variables. Associations with all-cause mortality remained significant (smallest SHR = 1.14, p = 0.04). Of the behaviors included, the most significant contribution to outcomes was found for smoking, but a role was also found for fruit and vegetable intakes and high alcohol consumption. CONCLUSIONS: These findings demonstrate well-known associations between depression, hostility, and mortality and suggest the potential importance of behaviors in explaining these relationships.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:0883-6612
Uncontrolled Keywords:Behavior ; Cardiovascular disease ; Depression ; Hostility ; Mortality ; Social support
Subjects:UNSPECIFIED
Group:Faculty of Science and Technology
ID Code:23315
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:22 Mar 2016 10:49
Last Modified:22 Mar 2016 10:49

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