Comparing UK and 20 Western countries' efficiency in reducing adult (55-74) cancer and total mortality rates 1989-2010: Cause for cautious celebration? A population-based study.

Pritchard, C., Hickish, T. F., Rosenorn-Lanng, E. and Wallace, M., 2016. Comparing UK and 20 Western countries' efficiency in reducing adult (55-74) cancer and total mortality rates 1989-2010: Cause for cautious celebration? A population-based study. JRSM Open, 7 (6), p. 2054270416635036.

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DOI: 10.1177/2054270416635036

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Every Western nation expends vast sums on health, especially for cancer; thus, the question is how efficient is the UK in reducing adult (55-74) cancer mortality rates and total mortality rates (TMR) compared to the other Western nations in the context of economic-input to health, the percentage of Gross-Domestic-Product-expenditure-on-Health. DESIGN: WHO mortality rates for baseline 3 years 1989-1991 and 2008-2010 were analysed, and confidence intervals determine any significant differences between the UK and other countries in reducing the mortalities. Efficiency ratios are calculated by dividing reduced mortality over the period by the average % of national income. SETTING: Twenty-one similar socio-economic Western countries. PARTICIPANTS: The 21 countries' general population. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Cancer mortality rates, total mortality rates Gross Domestic Product and Efficiency Ratios. RESULTS: Economic Input: In 1980, UK national income was 5.6% and the European average was 7.1%. By 2010, UK national income was 9.4% being equal 17th of 21 averaging 7.1% over the period. Europe's 1980-2010 average of 8.4% yields a UK to Europe ratio of 1:1.18. Clinical output 1989-2010: UK Cancer Mortality Rates was the sixth highest, but equal sixth biggest fall, significantly greater than 14 other countries. UK Total Mortality Rates was the fifth highest but third biggest decline, significantly greater than 17 countries. UK's cancer Efficiency Ratios is largest at 1:301 and second biggest for Total Mortality Rates at 1.1341; the USA ratios were 1:152 and 1:525, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: UK reduced mortalities indicate that the NHS achieves proportionally more with relatively less, but UK needs to match European average Gross-Domestic-Product-expenditure-on-Health to meet future challenges.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:2054-2704
Uncontrolled Keywords:International ; comparison ; health expenditure ; mortality
Subjects:UNSPECIFIED
Group:Faculty of Health & Social Sciences
ID Code:24106
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:21 Jun 2016 10:53
Last Modified:03 Aug 2016 15:14

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