Parafoveal preview effects from word N+1 and word N+2 during reading: A critical review and Bayesian meta-analysis.

Vasilev, M. R. and Angele, B., 2016. Parafoveal preview effects from word N+1 and word N+2 during reading: A critical review and Bayesian meta-analysis. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. (In Press)

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Abstract

The use of gaze-contingent display techniques to study reading has shown that readers attend not only to the currently fixated word, but also to the word to the right of the current fixation. However, a critical look at the literature shows that there are a number of questions that cannot be readily answered from the available literature reviews on the topic. First, there is no consensus on whether readers also attend to the second word to the right of fixation. Second, it is not clear whether parafoveal processing is more efficient in languages such as Chinese. Third, it is not well understood whether the measured effects are confounded by the properties of the parafoveal mask. The present study addressed these issues by performing a Bayesian meta-analysis of 93 experiments that used the boundary paradigm (Rayner, 1975). There were three main findings: 1) the advantage of previewing the second word to the right is modest in size and likely not centred on zero; 2) Chinese readers seem to make a more efficient use of parafoveal processing, but this is mostly evident in gaze duration; 3) there are interference effects associated with using different parafoveal masks that roughly increase when the mask is less word-like.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:1069-9384
Uncontrolled Keywords:parafoveal processing ; reading ; preview benefit ; perceptual span ; eye-movements
Subjects:UNSPECIFIED
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:24554
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:24 Aug 2016 12:17
Last Modified:07 Sep 2016 07:57

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