Spatial patterns and drivers of fire occurrence in a Mediterranean environment: a case study of southern Croatia.

Pavlek, K., Bišćević, F., Furčić, P., Grđan, A., Gugić, V., Malešić, N., Moharić, P., Vragović, V., Fuerst- Bjeliš, B. and Cvitanović, M., 2016. Spatial patterns and drivers of fire occurrence in a Mediterranean environment: a case study of southern Croatia. Geografisk Tidsskrift-Danish Journal of Geography. (In Press)

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DOI: 10.1080/00167223.2016.1266272

Abstract

Wildfires are an important factor of landscape dynamics in fire-prone environments of the world. In the Mediterranean, one of the most fire-susceptible environments globally, between 45,000 and 50,000 wildfires are recorded every year, causing disturbances in forest and grassland ecosystems. As a Mediterranean country, Croatia faces these problems, averaging over 1000 registered wildfires annually, with the coastal areas dominated by forest fires and continental Croatia by fires on agricultural lands. This research combines various landscape and socio-economic factors in the analysis of fire occurrence in Croatia’s southernmost region of Dalmatia. Around 275 of the largest fires (encompassing 98% of the total burnt area) registered in 2013 were investigated using OLS, and different spatial indices were employed to analyse regional variability in fire distribution. The results revealed that areas more prone to fires are the northern inland areas of Dalmatia and its entire coastal zone. Altitude and vegetation type demonstrated a correlation with fire occurrence, but an increase in population in the study area was also correlated with wildfire occurrence. Regarding vegetation, the grasslands and Mediterranean shrubland (maquis) were found to be the most fire-prone vegetation types in the study region, the distribution of which can be linked to different socio-economic and demographic processes occurring in the Eastern Adriatic.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:0016-7223
Uncontrolled Keywords:fire occurrence; Mediterranean; vegetation; littoralization; OLS
Subjects:UNSPECIFIED
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:25605
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:21 Dec 2016 11:52
Last Modified:09 Jan 2017 15:36

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