Transfer after process-based object-location memory training in healthy older adults.

Zimmermann, K., Von Bastian, C. C., Röcke, C., Martin, M. and Eschen, A., 2016. Transfer after process-based object-location memory training in healthy older adults. Psychology and Aging, 31 (7), 798 - 814.

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DOI: 10.1037/pag0000123

Abstract

A substantial part of age-related episodic memory decline has been attributed to the decreasing ability of older adults to encode and retrieve associations among simultaneously processed information units from long-term memory. In addition, this ability seems to share unique variance with reasoning. In this study, we therefore examined whether process-based training of the ability to learn and remember associations has the potential to induce transfer effects to untrained episodic memory and reasoning tasks in healthy older adults (60-75 years). For this purpose, the experimental group (n = 36) completed 30 sessions of process-based objectlocation memory training, while the active control group (n = 31) practiced visual perception on the same material. Near (spatial episodic memory), intermediate (verbal episodic memory), and far transfer effects (reasoning) were each assessed with multiple tasks at four measurements (before, midway through, immediately after, and 4 months after training). Linear mixed-effects models revealed transfer effects on spatial episodic memory and reasoning that were still observed 4 months after training. These results provide first empirical evidence that process-based training can enhance healthy older adults' associative memory performance and positively affect untrained episodic memory and reasoning abilities.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:0882-7974
Additional Information:This work was supported by grants from the Suzanne and Hans Biäsch Foundation for Applied Psychology (2012/7), the Swiss National Science Foundation (1000014_146542), the Velux Stiftung (369), and the University Research Priority Program “Dynamics of Healthy Aging” of the University of Zurich.
Uncontrolled Keywords:cognitive training; memory training; episodic memory; object-location memory; aging
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:25804
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:03 Jan 2017 14:30
Last Modified:23 Jan 2017 10:55

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