Skip to main content

The effect of timing and frequency of push notifications on usage of a smartphone-based stress management intervention: An exploratory trial.

Morrison, L., Hargood, C., Pejovic, V., Geraghty, A.W.A., Lloyd, S., Goodman, N., Michaelides, D.T., Weston, A., Musolesi, M., Weal, M.J. and Yardley, L., 2017. The effect of timing and frequency of push notifications on usage of a smartphone-based stress management intervention: An exploratory trial. PLoS One, 12 (1), e0169162.

Full text available as:

file_id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0169162&type=printable.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.


DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0169162


Push notifications offer a promising strategy for enhancing engagement with smartphone-based health interventions. Intelligent sensor-driven machine learning models may improve the timeliness of notifications by adapting delivery to a user's current context (e.g. location). This exploratory mixed-methods study examined the potential impact of timing and frequency on notification response and usage of Healthy Mind, a smartphone-based stress management intervention. 77 participants were randomised to use one of three versions of Healthy Mind that provided: intelligent notifications; daily notifications within pre-defined time frames; or occasional notifications within pre-defined time frames. Notification response and Healthy Mind usage were automatically recorded. Telephone interviews explored participants' experiences of using Healthy Mind. Participants in the intelligent and daily conditions viewed (d = .47, .44 respectively) and actioned (d = .50, .43 respectively) more notifications compared to the occasional group. Notification group had no meaningful effects on percentage of notifications viewed or usage of Healthy Mind. No meaningful differences were indicated between the intelligent and non-intelligent groups. Our findings suggest that frequent notifications may encourage greater exposure to intervention content without deterring engagement, but adaptive tailoring of notification timing does not always enhance their use. Hypotheses generated from this study require testing in future work. Trial registration number: ISRCTN67177737 © 2017 Morrison et al.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:The study was funded by the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/I032673/1: UBhave: Ubiquitous and social computing for positive behaviour change led by Professor Lucy Yardley); The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:26553
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:25 Jan 2017 10:26
Last Modified:14 Mar 2022 14:02


Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...
Repository Staff Only -