A Combined Experimental and Individual-Differences Investigation into Mind Wandering During a Video Lecture.

Kane, M.J., Smeekens, B.A., Von Bastian, C. C., Lurquin, J.H., Carruth, N.P. and Miyake, A., 2017. A Combined Experimental and Individual-Differences Investigation into Mind Wandering During a Video Lecture. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. (In Press)

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Abstract

A combined experimental–correlational study with a diverse sample (N = 182) from two research sites tested a set of five a priori hypotheses about mind wandering and learning, using a realistic video lecture on introductory statistics. Specifically, the study examined whether students’ vulnerability to mind wandering during the lecture would predict learning from, and situational interest in, the video, and also whether longhand note-taking would help reduce mind wandering, at least for some students. Half the subjects took notes during the video, and all were subsequently tested on lecture content without notes. Regression and mediation analyses indicated that: (a) several individual-differences variables (e.g., pretest score, prior math interest, classroom media multitasking habits) uniquely predicted in-lecture mind wandering frequency; (b) although the note-taking manipulation did not reduce mind wandering at the group level, note-taking still reduced mind wandering for some individuals (i.e., those with lower prior knowledge and those who took notes of high quality and quantity); (c) mind wandering uniquely predicted both learning (posttest) and situational interest outcomes above and beyond all other individual-differences variables; (d) moreover, mind wandering significantly mediated the effects of several individual differences; and, finally, (e) not all types of mind wandering were problematic—in fact, off-task reflections about lecture-related topics positively predicted learning. These results, which were generally robust across the two sites, suggest that educationally focused cognitive research may benefit from considering attentional processes during learning as well as cognitive and noncognitive individual differences that affect attention and learning.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:0096-3445
Additional Information:©American Psychological Association, [2017]. This paper is not the copy of record and may not exactly replicate the authoritative document published in the APA journal. Please do not copy or cite without author's permission. The final article is available, upon publication, at: [ARTICLE DOI]"
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:29494
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:24 Jul 2017 11:01
Last Modified:24 Jul 2017 11:01

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