Characterizing cognitive deficits and dementia in an aging urban population in India.

Nair, G., Van Dyk, K., Shah, U., Purohit, D.P., Shah, A.B., Grossman, H., Perl, D., Ganwir, V., Shanker, S. and Sano, M., 2012. Characterizing cognitive deficits and dementia in an aging urban population in India. International Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, 2012, 673849.

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DOI: 10.1155/2012/673849

Abstract

Rapid rise in the population of older adults in India will lead to the need for increased health care services related to diagnosis, management, and long-term care for those with dementia and cognitive impairment. A direct approach for service provision through memory clinics can be an effective, successful, and sustaining means of delivering specialized health care services. We have established a memory clinic in Mumbai, India by employing the diverse clinical skills available in Indian academic institutions, diagnostic and research expertise of clinicians and psychologists, and the support of the U.S. National Institutes of Health. Our project involved recruitment of patients, clinical and neuropsychological assessment, and standardized diagnostic procedures, demonstrating the feasibility of using research methods to develop a memory clinic. In this paper, we describe the development of a community-based memory clinic in urban India, including linguistic and cultural factors and present detailed results, including diagnostic characterization, on 194 subjects with various stages of cognitive deficits. Our findings support the feasibility of developing a memory clinic in a public hospital and successful use of research diagnostic criteria to categorize cognitive deficits observed in this population, which may be used to inform the development of other such clinics.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:2090-8024
Additional Information:The authors acknowledge Dr. Suvarna Karande, Dr. Hemant Mittal, Dr. Rashmi Parmar, Dr. Meghna Bhatnagar, and Richa Patel for their contributions to data collection and database maintenance. Dr. Margaret Sewell provided valuable help in training and project setup. Major grant funding was from the NIH's National Institute on Aging and Fogarty International Center (R01 AG 028188: Cognitive Loss in the Elderly in Mumbai, India; PI: D. P. Purohit) and additional support from the NIH grant to Mount Sinai Alzheimer's Disease Research Center (P50 AG05138; PI: M. Sano).
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:29527
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:25 Jul 2017 15:39
Last Modified:25 Jul 2017 15:39

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