Effect of short‐term heat acclimation with permissive dehydration on thermoregulation and temperate exercise performance.

Neal, R., Corbett, J., Massey, H. and Tipton, M., 2016. Effect of short‐term heat acclimation with permissive dehydration on thermoregulation and temperate exercise performance. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 26 (8), pp. 875-884.

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DOI: 10.1111/sms.12526

Abstract

We examined the effect of short-term heat acclimation with permissive dehydration (STHADe) on heat acclimation (HA) and cycling performance in a temperate environment. Ten trained male cyclists (Mean(SD) maximal oxygen uptake: 63.3(4.0)mL·kg-1·min-1; peak power output [PPO]: 385(40)W; training: 10(3)hours·week-1) underwent a STHADe programme consisting of five-days of exercise (maximum 90mins·day-1) in a hot environment (40°C, 50%RH) to elicit isothermic heat strain (rectal temperature 38.64(0.27)°C). Participants abstained from fluids during, and 30-minutes after, HA sessions. Pre- and post-STHADe HA was evaluated during euhydrated fixed-intensity exercise (60mins) in hot conditions; the effect of STHADe on thermoregulation was also examined under temperate conditions (20mins fixed-intensity exercise; 22°C, 60%RH). Temperate cycling performance was assessed by a graded exercise test (GXT) and 20-km time trial (TT). STHADe reduced thermal and cardiovascular strain in hot and temperate environments. Lactate threshold (Δ=16(17)W) and GXT PPO (Δ=6(7)W) were improved following STHADe (P<0.05), but TT performance was not affected (P>0.05), although there was a trend for a higher mean power (P=0.06). In conclusion, STHADE can reduce thermal and cardiovascular strain under hot and temperate conditions and there is some evidence of ergogenic potential for temperate exercise, but longer HA regimens may be necessary for this to meaningfully influence performance.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:0905-7188
Additional Information:First author R. Rendell had this article published this article under the name R.A. Neal This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: [Rendell, R., Corbett, J., Massey, H. and Tipton, M., 2016. Effect of short‐term heat acclimation with permissive dehydration on thermoregulation and temperate exercise performance. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 26 (8), pp. 875-884.] which has been published in final form at 10.1111/sms.12526. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Uncontrolled Keywords:hydration; stress; adaptation; hyperthermic; endurance; athletes
Group:Faculty of Management
ID Code:29700
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:27 Sep 2017 11:06
Last Modified:27 Sep 2017 11:06

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