Effect of permissive dehydration on induction and decay of heat acclimation, and temperate exercise performance.

Neal, R., Massey, H., Tipton, M., Young, J. and Corbett, J., 2016. Effect of permissive dehydration on induction and decay of heat acclimation, and temperate exercise performance. Frontiers in Physiology, 7, 564.

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DOI: 10.3389/fphys.2016.00564

Abstract

Purpose: It has been suggested that dehydration is an independent stimulus for heat 32 acclimation (HA), possibly through influencing fluid-regulation mechanisms and increasing 33 plasma volume (PV) expansion. There is also some evidence that HA may be ergogenic in 34 temperate conditions and that this may be linked to PV expansion. We investigated: i) the 35 influence of dehydration on the time-course of acquisition and decay of HA; ii) whether 36 dehydration augmented any ergogenic benefits in temperate conditions, particularly those related to PV expansion. Methods: Eight males (VO2max: 56.9(7.2) mL·kg-1 ·min-1 37 ) undertook 38 two HA programmes (balanced cross-over design), once drinking to maintain euhydration 39 (HAEu) and once with restricted fluid-intake (HADe). Days 1, 6, 11 and 18 were 60 min exercise- 40 heat stress tests (HST [40°C; 50%RH]), days 2-5 and 7-10 were 90 min, isothermal-strain 41 (Tre~38.5°C), exercise-heat sessions. Performance parameters (VO2max, lactate threshold, 42 efficiency, peak power output [PPO]) were determined pre and post HA by graded exercise test 43 (22°C; 55 %RH). Results: During isothermal-strain sessions hypohydration was achieved in 44 HADe and euhydration maintained in HAEu (average body mass loss -2.71(0.82)% vs. - 45 0.56(0.73)%, P<0.001), but aldosterone concentration, power output and cardiovascular strain 46 were unaffected by dehydration. HA was evident on day 6 (reduced end-exercise Tre [- 0.30°C(0.27)] and exercise heart rate [-12(15) beats.min-1 47 ], increased PV [+7.2(6.4)%] and sweat-loss [+0.25(0.22) L.hr-1 48 ], P<0.05) with some further adaptations on day 11 (further reduced end-exercise Tre [-0.25(0.19)°C] and exercise heart rate [-3(9) beats.min-1 49 ], P<0.05). 50 These adaptations were not notably affected by dehydration and were generally maintained 7- 51 days post HA. Performance parameters were unchanged, apart from increased PPO (+16(20) 52 W, irrespective of condition). Conclusions: When thermal-strain is matched, permissive 53 dehydration which induces a mild, transient, hypohydration does not affect the acquisition and 54 decay of HA, or endurance performance parameters. Irrespective of hydration, trained 55 individuals require >5 days to optimise HA.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:1664-042X
Additional Information:First author R. Rendell had this article published under the name R.A. Neal
Uncontrolled Keywords:thermoregulation; fluid; acclimatization; hydration; hypohydration
Group:Faculty of Management
ID Code:29701
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:27 Sep 2017 13:29
Last Modified:27 Sep 2017 13:32

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