An experimental investigation of discharge/solidification cycle of paraffin in novel shell and tube with longitudinal fins based latent heat storage system.

Khan, Z. and Khan, Z. A., 2017. An experimental investigation of discharge/solidification cycle of paraffin in novel shell and tube with longitudinal fins based latent heat storage system. Energy conversion and management, 154 (December), pp. 157-167.

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DOI: 10.1016/j.enconman.2017.10.051

Abstract

In this article, the discharging cycles of paraffin in novel latent heat storage (LHS) unit are experimentally investigated. The novel LHS unit includes shell and tube with longitudinal fins based heat exchanger and paraffin as thermal energy storage material. The experimental investigations are focused on identifying the transient temperature performance, effective mode of heat transfer, accumulative thermal energy discharge and mean discharge power of paraffin in LHS unit. Moreover, the influences of operating conditions such as inlet temperature and volume flow rate of heat transfer fluid (HTF) on thermal behaviour of LHS unit are experimentally studied. The transient temperature profiles and photographic characterisation of liquid-solid transition of paraffin in LHS unit provide a good understanding of temperature distribution and dominant mode of heat transfer. It is noticed that during discharging cycles, natural convection has an insignificant impact on thermal performance of LHS unit. However, due to inclusion of extended longitudinal fins, conduction is the dominant mode of heat transfer. It is noticed that due to development of solidified paraffin around tubes and longitudinal fins, the overall thermal resistance is increased and thus, discharging rate is affected. However, by regulating inlet temperature or volume flow rate of HTF, the influence of overall thermal resistance is minimised. Mean discharge power is enhanced by 36.05% as the inlet temperature is reduced from 15 oC to 5 oC. Likewise, the mean discharge power is improved by 49.75% as the volume flow rate is increased from 1.5 l/min to 3 l/min. Similarly, with an increase in volume flow rate, the discharge time of equal amount of thermal energy 12.09 MJ is reduced by 24%. It is established that by adjusting operating conditions, the required demand of output temperature and mean discharge power can be attained. Furthermore, this novel LHS unit can meet large scale thermal energy demands by connecting several units in parallel and thus, it has potential to be employed in wide-ranging domestic and commercial applications.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:0196-8904
Uncontrolled Keywords:Thermal energy storage; Latent heat storage; Discharge cycle; Phase change materials; Heat transfer; Shell and tube heat exchanger
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:29889
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:13 Nov 2017 09:51
Last Modified:13 Nov 2017 09:51

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