Audit committee financial expertise, gender, and earnings management: Does gender of the financial expert matter?

Zalata, A.M., Tauringana, V. and Tingbani, I., 2017. Audit committee financial expertise, gender, and earnings management: Does gender of the financial expert matter? International review of financial analysis. (In Press)

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DOI: 10.1016/j.irfa.2017.11.002

Abstract

The effectiveness of the presence of financial expertise on the audit committee (AC) in reducing earnings management has been the subject of many previous studies with mixed findings. This paper suggests that the mixed findings may be due to prior studies not distinguishing between the genders of the financial experts on the AC. We investigate how financial expertise affects earnings management taking into account the gender of the financial expert. We use the data of a sample of 5,660 US firm-year observations from 2007 to 2013 which was analysed using least squares regressions clustering by firm. The results indicate that proportion of financial expertise on the AC and gender reduce earnings management. We then group the AC financial experts by gender, and examine whether the gender of the financial expert matters. The results show that the proportion of female financial experts on the AC is significantly associated with less earnings management while the proportion of male financial experts does not significantly affect earnings management; this suggests that previous studies indicating that the presence of a financial expert on the AC may have been influenced by gender of the female financial experts. Further, our findings may also partly explain why studies on the effect that financial expertise has on the AC are conflicting.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:1057-5219
Uncontrolled Keywords:Audit committee; Gender; Financial expertise; Earnings management
Group:Faculty of Management
ID Code:30059
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:04 Dec 2017 16:20
Last Modified:04 Dec 2017 16:20

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