Migration, communities-on-the-move and international innovation networks: An empirical analysis of Spanish regions.

D'Ambrosio, A., Montresor, S., Parrilli, M.D. and Quatraro, F., 2018. Migration, communities-on-the-move and international innovation networks: An empirical analysis of Spanish regions. Regional Studies. (In Press)

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DOI: 10.1080/00343404.2018.1426850

Abstract

This paper investigates the impact of migration on innovation networks between regions and foreign countries. We posit that immigrants (emigrants) act as a transnational knowledge bridge between the host (home) regions and their origin (destination) countries, thus facilitating their co-inventorship networks. We also argue that the social capital of both the hosting and the moving communities reinforces such a bridging role, along with language commonality and migrants’ human capital. Focusing on Spain, as a country that hosted an intense process of migration over the past two decades, we combine patent data with national data on residents and electors abroad and we apply a gravity model to the co-inventorship between Spanish provinces (NUTS3 regions) and a number of foreign countries. Both immigrants and emigrants affect the kind of innovation networking at stake. The social capital of both the moving and the hosting communities actually moderate this impact in a positive way. The effect of migration is stronger for more skilled migrants and with respect to non-Spanish speaking countries, pointing to a language-bridging role of migrants. Policy implications are drawn accordingly.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:0034-3404
Uncontrolled Keywords:Migration ; Social Capital ; Innovation networks ; communities-on-the-move
Group:Faculty of Management
ID Code:30240
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:23 Jan 2018 09:54
Last Modified:25 Apr 2018 10:34

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