Ground reaction force, spinal kinematics and their relationship to lower back pain and injury in cricket fast bowling: A review.

Senington, B., Lee, R.Y. and Williams, J. M., 2018. Ground reaction force, spinal kinematics and their relationship to lower back pain and injury in cricket fast bowling: A review. Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation. (In Press)

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DOI: 10.3233/BMR-170851

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Fast bowlers display a high risk of lower back injury and pain. Studies report factors that may increase this risk, however exact mechanisms remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: To provide a contemporary analysis of literature, up to April 2016, regarding fast bowling, spinal kinematics, ground reaction force (GRF), lower back pain (LBP) and pathology. METHOD: Key terms including biomechanics, bowling, spine and injury were searched within MEDLINE, Google Scholar, SPORTDiscuss, Science Citation Index, OAIster, CINAHL, Academic Search Complete, Science Direct and Scopus. Following application of inclusion criteria, 56 studies (reduced from 140) were appraised for quality and pooled for further analysis. RESULTS: Twelve times greater risk of lumbar injury was reported in bowlers displaying excessive shoulder counter-rotation (SCR), however SCR is a surrogate measure which may not describe actual spinal movement. Little is known about LBP specifically. Weighted averages of 5.8 ± 1.3 times body weight (BW) vertically and 3.2 ± 1.1 BW horizontally were calculated for peak GRF during fast bowling. No quantitative synthesis of kinematic data was possible due to heterogeneity of reported results. CONCLUSIONS: Fast bowling is highly injurious especially with excessive SCR. Studies adopted similar methodologies, constrained to laboratory settings. Future studies should focus on methods to determine biomechanics during live play.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:1053-8127
Uncontrolled Keywords:Biomechanics; cricket fast bowling; injury; lower back pain
Group:Faculty of Health & Social Sciences
ID Code:30505
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:21 Mar 2018 11:18
Last Modified:01 May 2018 12:57

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