Exploring the contribution of motivation and experience in the post-pubescent own-gender bias in face recognition.

Hills, P., Pake, J.M., Dempsey, J.R. and Lewis, M.B., 2018. Exploring the contribution of motivation and experience in the post-pubescent own-gender bias in face recognition. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. (In Press)

Full text available as:

[img]
Preview
PDF
HillsPakeDempseyLewis_December2017.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

458kB

DOI: 10.1037/xhp0000533

Abstract

The own-gender bias in face recognition has been hypothesised to be the result of extensive experience with own-gender faces, coupled with a motivation to process own-group faces more deeply than other-group faces. We test the effect of experience and motivation in four experiments employing standard old/new recognition paradigms. In Experiment 1, no own-gender recognition bias was observed following an attractiveness-rating encoding task regardless of school type (single- or mixed-sex). Experiment 2, which used a distinctiveness-rating encoding task, did find a significant own-gender bias for all groups of participants. Experiment 3 on adults found that the own-gender bias was not affected by self-reported contact with the other-gender, but the encoding task did moderate the size of the bias. Experiment 4 revealed that participants with an own-gender sexual orientation showed a stronger own-gender bias. These results indicate that motivational factors influence the own-gender bias whereas no evidence was found for perceptual experience.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:0096-1523
Uncontrolled Keywords:own-gender bias; own-group biases; face recognition; experience; motivation
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:30586
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:17 Apr 2018 14:28
Last Modified:26 Jun 2018 15:46

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...
Repository Staff Only -