Differences in sit-to-stand, standing sway and stairs between community-dwelling fallers and non-fallers: a review of the literature.

Watt, A., Clark, C. J. and Williams, J. M., 2018. Differences in sit-to-stand, standing sway and stairs between community-dwelling fallers and non-fallers: a review of the literature. Physical Therapy Reviews. (In Press)

Full text available as:

[img] PDF
Manuscript PTRVer4.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 2 July 2019.
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

633kB

DOI: 10.1080/10833196.2018.1470748

Abstract

Background: Falls are extremely common and have a significant impact on an individual’s wellbeing. Individuals who fall often display altered function however to date no synthesis pertaining to the nature of these alterations is available. Such information is important to guide assessment and management strategies. Objectives: To appraise and synthesize literature directly comparing community- dwelling elderly fallers with non-fallers across tasks of sit-to-stand, standing postural sway with eyes open and stairs. Methods: A structured search of Medline, SPORTDicuss, Science Citation Index, OAIster, CINAHL, Academic Search Complete, Science Direct and Scopus databases was conducted in July 2017. Articles were limited to peer-reviewed in the English language comparing elderly community-dwelling fallers to non-fallers. Results: Eight articles were included relating to sit-to-stand, seven for postural sway and one for stairs. Fallers stood from sitting significantly slower, with lower linear velocity and maximum power than non-fallers. This was best observed when arms were not used and when the stand was attempted as quickly as possible. Fallers displayed significantly greater sway path lengths and center of pressure velocity compared with non-fallers, but only when assessed in narrow or near narrow stance. Fallers used less force during stepping up compared with non-fallers. Conclusion: The findings of this review suggest that activities of daily living may be able to discriminate between fallers and non-fallers therefore offering the potential for community based assessment of fallers.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:1083-3196
Additional Information:This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Physical Therapy Reviews on 2 July 2018, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/10833196.2018.1470748
Uncontrolled Keywords:activities of daily living; speed; velocity; postural sway; elderly
Group:Faculty of Health & Social Sciences
ID Code:30935
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:03 Jul 2018 08:14
Last Modified:03 Jul 2018 08:14

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...
Repository Staff Only -