Associations of Self-Reported Physical Activity and Depression in 10,000 Irish Adults across Harmonised Datasets: a DEDIPAC-study.

McDowell, C.P., Carlin, A., Capranica, L., Dillon, C., Harrington, J., Lakerveld, J., Loyen, A., Ling, F.C.M., Brug, J., MacDonncha, C. and Herring, M., 2018. Associations of Self-Reported Physical Activity and Depression in 10,000 Irish Adults across Harmonised Datasets: a DEDIPAC-study. BMC Public Health, 18, 779.

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DOI: 10.1186/s12889-018-5702-4

Abstract

Background: Depression is a prevalent, debilitating, and often recurrent mood disorder for which successful firstline treatments remains limited. The purpose of this study was to investigate the cross-sectional associations between self-reported physical activity (PA) and depressive symptoms and status among Irish adults, using two existing datasets, The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA) and The Mitchelstown Cohort Study. Methods: The two selected databases were pooled (n = 10,122), and relevant variables were harmonized. PA was measured using the short form International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Depressive symptoms were measured by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) questionnaire. Participants were classified as meeting World Health Organization moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) guidelines or not, and divided into tertiles based on weekly minutes of MVPA. A CES-D score of ≥16 indicated elevated depressive symptoms. Data collection were conducted in 2010–2011. Results: Significantly higher depressive symptoms were reported by females (7.11 ± 7.87) than males (5.74 ± 6.86; p < 0.001). Following adjustment for age, sex, BMI, and dataset, meeting the PA guidelines was associated with 44.7% (95%CI: 35.0 to 52.9; p < 0.001) lower odds of elevated depressive symptoms. Compared to the low PA tertile, the middle and high PA tertiles were associated with 25.2% (95%CI: 8.7 to 38.6; p < 0.01) and 50.8% (95%CI: 40.7 to 59.2; p < 0.001) lower odds of elevated depressive symptoms, respectively. Conclusion: Meeting the PA guidelines is associated with lower odds of elevated depressive symptoms, and increased volumes of MVPA are associated with lower odds of elevated depressive symptoms.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:1471-2458
Uncontrolled Keywords:Physical activity; Mental health; Elderly; Ireland; Cross-sectional
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:31002
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:17 Jul 2018 11:16
Last Modified:17 Jul 2018 13:03

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