Perceived race affects configural processing but not holistic processing in the composite-face task.

Lewis, M.B. and Hills, P.J., 2018. Perceived race affects configural processing but not holistic processing in the composite-face task. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 1456.

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DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01456

Abstract

© 2018 Lewis and Hills. One explanation for the own-race bias in face recognition is the loss of holistic processing for other-race faces. The composite-face task (involving matching the top halves of faces when the bottom halves are either changed or the same) tests holistic processing but it has been inconsistent in revealing other-race effects. Two composite-face experiments are reported using pairs of faces that have common internal features but can be perceived as either being racially Black or White depending on their external features. In Experiment 1 (matching the top halves of faces) holistic processing was found for both face races for White participants (shown by both a mis-alignment advantage when bottom halves were different and also by a congruence-by-alignment interaction in discrimination). Bayesian analysis supported there being no effect of race. However, the size of the simple congruence effect was larger for own- than for other-race faces. Experiment 2 found that this race-by-congruence interaction was not present when matching the bottom halves of faces. The results are interpreted in of terms of the perceived race affecting the processing of second-order relational information rather than holistic processing.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:1664-1078
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:31219
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:11 Sep 2018 10:45
Last Modified:11 Sep 2018 10:45

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