Mediterranean UNESCO World Heritage at risk from coastal flooding and erosion due to sea-level rise.

Reimann, L., Vafeidis, A.T., Brown, S., Hinkel, J. and Tol, R.S.J., 2018. Mediterranean UNESCO World Heritage at risk from coastal flooding and erosion due to sea-level rise. Nature Communications, 9, 4161.

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Abstract

UNESCO World Heritage sites (WHS) located in coastal areas are increasingly at risk from coastal hazards due to sea-level rise. In this study we assess Mediterranean cultural WHS at risk from coastal flooding and erosion under four sea-level rise scenarios until 2100. Based on the analysis of spatially explicit WHS data, we develop an index-based approach that allows for ranking WHS at risk from 15 both coastal hazards. Here we show that of 49 cultural WHS located in low-lying coastal areas of the Mediterranean, 37 are at risk from a 100-year flood and 42 from coastal erosion, already today. Until 2100, flood risk may increase by 50 % and erosion risk by 13 % across the region, with considerably higher increases at individual WHS. Our results provide a first-order assessment of where adaptation is most urgently needed and can support policymakers in steering local-scale research to devise suitable adaptation strategies for each WHS.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:2041-1723
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:31275
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:26 Sep 2018 07:27
Last Modified:17 Oct 2018 15:11

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