Surprise as an Explanation to Auditory Novelty Distraction and Post-Error Slowing.

Parmentier, F.B.R., Vasilev, M. R. and Andrés, P., 2018. Surprise as an Explanation to Auditory Novelty Distraction and Post-Error Slowing. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. (In Press)

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DOI: 10.1037/xge0000497

Abstract

© 2018 American Psychological Association. Performance in sustained attention tasks is known to be slowed by the occurrence of unexpected task-irrelevant distractors (novelty distraction) and the detection of errors (posterror slowing), 2 wellestablished phenomena studied separately and regarded as reflecting distinct underpinning mechanisms. We measured novelty distraction and posterror slowing in an auditory-visual oddball task to test the hypothesis that they both involve an orienting response. Our results confirm that the 2 effects exhibit a positive interaction. We show that a trial-by-trial measure of surprise credibly accounts for our empirical data. We suggest that novelty distraction and posterror slowing both reflect an orienting response to unexpected events and a reappraisal of action plans.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:0096-3445
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:31446
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:12 Nov 2018 12:01
Last Modified:12 Nov 2018 12:01

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