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Reproductive control by others: means, perpetrators and effects.

Rowlands, S. and Walker, S., 2019. Reproductive control by others: means, perpetrators and effects. BMJ Sexual & Reproductive Health, 45, 61 - 67.

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Reproductive control BMJSRH v9 Clean (1).pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.


DOI: 10.1136/bmjsrh-2018-200156


Background Reproductive control of women by others comprises a wide range of behaviours, from persuasion, to pressure such as emotional blackmail, societal or family expectations through to threats of or actual physical violence. It is defined as behaviours that interfere with women’s reproductive autonomy as well as any actions that pressurise or coerce a woman into initiating or terminating a pregnancy Method Narrative review based on a search of medical and social science literature. Results Reproductive control by others includes control or coercion over decisions about becoming pregnant and also about continuing or terminating a pregnancy. It can be carried out by intimate partners, the wider family, or as part of criminal behaviour. One form is contraceptive sabotage, which invalidates the consent given to sex. Contraceptive sabotage includes the newly-described behaviour of ‘stealthing’: the covert removal of a condom during sex. Reproductive control by others is separate from intimate partner violence but there are similarities and the phenomena overlap. Reproductive control by others is reported by as many as one quarter of women attending sexual and reproductive healthcare services. Those treating such women should be familiar with the concept and how to ameliorate its affects. Screening questions for its detection have been developed as well as interventions to reduce its risk. Conclusions Reproductive control by others is common and those working in women’s health should be familiar with the concept and with screening tools used to detect it.

Item Type:Article
Group:Faculty of Health & Social Sciences
ID Code:31631
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:14 Jan 2019 09:56
Last Modified:14 Mar 2022 14:14


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