Palaeoecological and genetic evidence for Neanderthal power locomotion as an adaptation to a woodland environment.

Stewart, J. R., García-Rodríguez, O., Knul, M.V., Sewell, L., Montgomery, H., Thomas, M.G. and Diekmann, Y., 2019. Palaeoecological and genetic evidence for Neanderthal power locomotion as an adaptation to a woodland environment. Quaternary Science Reviews. (In Press)

Full text available as:

[img] PDF
Neanderthal locomotion - Final - Copy.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 29 January 2020.
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

293kB
[img] PDF
Figure 1 & 2.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 29 January 2020.
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

547kB
[img] PDF
Figure 3.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 29 January 2020.
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

8kB
[img] PDF
Figure 4.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 29 January 2020.
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

15kB

DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2018.12.023

Abstract

The prevailing explanation for Neanderthal body form is the cold (glacial) adaptation hypothesis. However, palaeoecological associations appear to indicate a less cold woodland environment. Under such conditions, encounter and ambush (rather than pursuit) hunting e and thus muscular power and sprint (rather than endurance) capacity e would have been favoured. We hypothesise that the highly muscular Neanderthal body form reflects an adaptation to hunting conditions rather than cold, and here both review the palaeoecological evidence that they inhabited a mainly woodland environment, and present preliminary genetic analyses in support of this new hypothesis.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:0277‐3791
Uncontrolled Keywords:Endurance, power, running, encounter/ambush hunting, human evolution.
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:31956
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:01 Mar 2019 12:06
Last Modified:20 Mar 2019 16:03

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...
Repository Staff Only -