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Safety climate and increased risk: The role of deadlines in design work.

Daniels, K., Beesley, N., Cheyne, A. and Wimalasiri, V., 2016. Safety climate and increased risk: The role of deadlines in design work. Human Relations, 69 (5), 1185 - 1207.

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DOI: 10.1177/0018726715612900

Abstract

Although much research indicates positive safety climate is associated with reduced safety risk, we argue this association is not universal and may even be reversed in some contexts. Specifically, we argue that positive safety climate can be associated with increased safety risk when there is pressure to prioritize production over safety and where workers have some detachment from the consequences of their actions, such as found in engineering design work. We used two indicators of safety risk: use of heuristics at the individual level and design complexity at the design team level. Using experience sampling data (N = 165, 42 design teams, k = 5752 observations), we found design engineers’ perceptions of team positive safety climate were associated with less use of heuristics when engineers were not working to deadlines, but more use of heuristics when engineers were working to deadlines. Independent ratings were obtained of 31 teams’ designs of offshore oil and gas platforms (N = 121). For teams that worked infrequently to deadlines, positive team safety climate was associated with less design complexity. For teams that worked frequently to deadlines, positive team safety climate was associated with more design complexity.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:0018-7267
Uncontrolled Keywords:design work; job demands; oil and gas industry; safety climate
Group:Bournemouth University Business School
ID Code:31992
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:04 Mar 2019 15:20
Last Modified:04 Mar 2019 15:20

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