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Construction of ultrafine ZnSe nanoparticles on/in amorphous carbon hollow nanospheres with high-power-density sodium storage.

Lu, S., Zhu, T., Wu, H., Wang, Y., Li, J., Abdelkader, A.M., Xi, K., Wang, W., Liu, Y., Ding, S., Gao, G. and Kumar, R.V., 2019. Construction of ultrafine ZnSe nanoparticles on/in amorphous carbon hollow nanospheres with high-power-density sodium storage. Nano Energy, 59 (May), 762 - 772.

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DOI: 10.1016/j.nanoen.2019.03.008

Abstract

© 2019 Sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) are considered as a promising candidate to lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) owing to the inexpensive and abundant sodium reserves. However, the application of anode materials for SIBs still confront rapid capacity fading and undesirable rate capability. Here we simultaneously grow ultrafine ZnSe nanoparticles on the inner walls and the outer surface of hollow carbon nanospheres (ZnSe@HCNs), giving a unique hierarchical hybrid nanostructure that can sustain a capacity of 361.9 mAh g −1 at 1 A g −1 over 1000 cycles and 266.5 mAh g −1 at 20 A g −1 . Our investigations indicate that the sodium storage mechanism of ZnSe@HCNs electrodes is a mixture of alloying and conversion reactions, where ZnSe converts to Na 2 Se and NaZn 13 through a series of intermediate compounds. Also, a full cell is constructed from our designed ZnSe@HCNs anode and Na 3 V 2 (PO 4 ) 3 cathode. It delivers a reversible discharge capacity of about 313.1 mAh g −1 after 100 cycles at 0.5 A g −1 with high Columbic efficiency over 98.2%. The outstanding sodium storage of as-prepared ZnSe@HCNs is attributed to the confinement of ZnSe structural changes both inside/outside of hollow nanospheres during the sodiation/desodiation processes. Our work offers a promising design to enable high-power-density electrodes for the various battery systems.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:2211-2855
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:32091
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:25 Mar 2019 12:53
Last Modified:07 Mar 2020 01:08

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