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Prevalence of sports-related injuries in Paralympic judo: an exploratory study.

Fagher, K., Ahmed, O., Pernheim, N. and Varkey, E., 2019. Prevalence of sports-related injuries in Paralympic judo: an exploratory study. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 22 (8), 902-906.

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DOI: 10.1016/j.jsams.2019.03.005

Abstract

Objectives The aim was to assess the 1-year retrospective prevalence of athletes reporting a sports-related injury among Paralympic judokas with visual impairment (VI), and to identify any associations between injury, vision class, gender and weight category. Design Cross-sectional retrospective study. Methods The data were collected through an adapted questionnaire given to athletes with VI during an international training camp. Forty-five Paralympic judokas answered the questionnaire. Descriptive statistics and chi-square statistics (p < 0.05) were used to analyse the data. Spearman’s correlation was used to analyse multiple injuries. Results Thirty-eight of the athletes reported an injury, giving a 1-year prevalence of 84% (95% CI 71-93). Male athletes reported significantly more injuries compared to female athletes (p = 0.023). Over two thirds of the injuries (71%; 95% CI 55-83) had a traumatic onset. The majority of injuries (74%; 95% CI 58-85) occurred during judo training, and in the standing technique tachi waza (82%; 95% CI 66-91). The shoulder was the most single affected body location (29%). Forty-five percent of the injuries led to a time loss from sport for more than three weeks, and 40% of judokas reported multiple injuries. Conclusions The results from this study demonstrate a high prevalence of mainly traumatic and severe sports-related injuries amongst athletes with VI participating in Paralympic judo. A first step towards prevention could be to minimize the time in tachi waza. However, to improve sports safety and to develop effective strategies for injury prevention, more comprehensive epidemiological studies, and also technical studies assessing injury mechanisms are warranted.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:1440-2440
Uncontrolled Keywords:Sports for persons with disabilities, Judo, Paralympic Judo, Sports injuries, Epidemiology, Visual impairment
Group:Faculty of Health & Social Sciences
ID Code:32126
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:02 Apr 2019 14:35
Last Modified:18 Mar 2020 01:08

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