Skip to main content

Modelling positive consequences: Increased vegetable intakes following modelled enjoyment versus modelled intake.

Appleton, K., Barrie, E. and Samuel, T.J., 2019. Modelling positive consequences: Increased vegetable intakes following modelled enjoyment versus modelled intake. Appetite, 140 (September), 76-81.

Full text available as:

[img]
Preview
PDF
VegStories accepted.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

711kB

DOI: 10.1016/j.appet.2019.05.003

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Modelling has previously been demonstrated to encourage healthy eating, but the importance of modelling the behaviour versus modelling the positive consequences of the behaviour is unknown. This work investigated the impact of modelling carrot intake (the behaviour) and modelling carrot enjoyment (the positive consequences) on subsequent liking and consumption of carrots and sweetcorn. METHODS: 155 children aged 7-10 years were randomized to hear a story where fictional characters consumed a picnic with either: no mention of carrot sticks (control) (N = 45); mention of carrot sticks that all characters ate (modelling intake) (N = 60); or mention of carrot sticks that the characters like (modelling enjoyment) (N = 50). Carrot and sweetcorn liking and intake were measured before and after the story during a 5 min task. RESULTS: Carrot liking and intake after a story was higher following the story modelling carrot enjoyment compared to the stories not modelling enjoyment (smallest β = 0.16, p = 0.05), and in those with higher pre-story carrot liking and intakes (smallest β = 0.25, p < 0.01). Sweetcorn liking and intake after a story was associated with pre-story sweetcorn liking and intake (smallest β = 0.28, p < 0.01), and sweetcorn intake was lower following the story modelling carrot enjoyment compared to the stories not modelling enjoyment (β = -0.17, p = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: These findings demonstrate a role for modelling enjoyment to encourage vegetable liking and intake, although effects sizes were small. These findings also suggest a benefit from modelling the positive consequences of a behaviour for encouraging healthy food intake in children, while limited effects were found for modelling the behaviour itself.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:0195-6663
Uncontrolled Keywords:Enjoyment; Intake; Liking; Modelling; Vegetables
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:32325
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:24 May 2019 13:07
Last Modified:03 May 2020 01:08

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...
Repository Staff Only -