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Coping strategies for developmental prosopagnosia.

Adams, A., Hills, P.J., Bennetts, R.J. and Bate, S., 2019. Coping strategies for developmental prosopagnosia. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 1 - 20. (In Press)

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DOI: 10.1080/09602011.2019.1623824

Abstract

Developmental prosopagnosia (DP) is a cognitive condition characterised by a relatively selective deficit in face recognition. Some adults and children with DP experience severe psychosocial consequences related to the condition, yet are reluctant to disclose it to others. The remediation of DP is therefore an urgent issue, but has been met with little success. Given that developmental conditions may only benefit from compensatory rather than remedial training, this study aimed to examine (a) the positive and negative effects of DP disclosure, and (b) compensatory techniques that may circumvent recognition failure. Qualitative questionnaires and interviews were carried out with 79 participants: 50 adults with DP, 26 of their non-affected significant others, and three parents of DP children. Findings indicated positive effects of disclosure, yet most adults choose not to do so in the workplace. Effective compensatory strategies include the use of extra-facial information, identity prompts from others, and preparation for planned encounters. However, changes in appearance, infrequent contact, or encounters in unexpected contexts often cause strategy failure. As strategies are effortful and disrupted by heavily controlled appearance (e.g., the wearing of uniform), disclosure of DP may be necessary for the safety, wellbeing and optimal education of children with the condition.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:0960-2011
Uncontrolled Keywords:Prosopagnosia ; coping ; face recognition ; remediation
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:32374
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:06 Jun 2019 15:01
Last Modified:04 Jun 2020 01:08

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