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Correlations between holistic processing, Autism quotient, extraversion, and experience and the own-gender bias in face recognition.

Morgan, M. and Hills, P.J., 2019. Correlations between holistic processing, Autism quotient, extraversion, and experience and the own-gender bias in face recognition. PLoS One, 14 (7), e0209530.

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DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0209530

Abstract

The variability in the own-gender bias (OGB) in face-recognition is thought to be based on experience and the engagement of expert face processing mechanisms for own-gender faces. Experience is also associated with personality characteristics such as extraversion and Autism, yet the effects of these variables on the own-gender bias has not been explored. We ran a face recognition study exploring the relationships between own-gender experience, holistic processing (measured using the face-inversion effect, composite face effect, and the parts-and-wholes test), personality characteristics (extraversion and Autism Quotient) and the OGB. Findings did not support a mediational account where experience increases holistic processing and this increases the OGB. Rather, there was a direct relationship between extraversion and Autism Quotient and the OGB. We interpret this as personality characteristics having an effect on the motivation to process own-gender faces more deeply than opposite-gender faces.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:1932-6203
Additional Information:Data Availability: All data files are available from the BoRDAr (Bournemouth University's Institution data repository) database: http://bordar.bournemouth.ac.uk/20/.
Uncontrolled Keywords:Face recognition; Autism; Face; Eyes; Questionnaires; Personality; Personality traits; Ethnicities
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:32497
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:08 Jul 2019 10:59
Last Modified:08 Jul 2019 11:12

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