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The loci of stroop interference and facilitation effects with manual and vocal responses.

Augustinova, M., Parris, B. and Ferrand, L., 2019. The loci of stroop interference and facilitation effects with manual and vocal responses. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 1786.

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DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01786

Abstract

© 2019 Augustinova, Parris and Ferrand. Several accounts of the Stroop task assume that the Stroop interference effect has several distinct loci (as opposed to a single response locus). The present study was designed to explore whether this is the case with both manual and vocal responses. To this end, we used an extended form of the so-called semantic Stroop paradigm (Augustinova, Silvert, Spatola, & Ferrand, 2018a) that successfully distinguishes between the contribution of the task vs. semantic vs. response conflict to overall Stroop interference. In line with past findings, the results of Experiment 1 yielded an important response modality effect: the magnitude of Stroop interference was substantially larger when vocal responses were used (as opposed to keypresses). Moreover, the present findings show that the response modality effect is specifically due to the fact that Stroop interference observed with vocal responses results from the significant contribution of task, semantic and response conflicts, whereas only semantic and response conflict clearly significantly contribute to Stroop interference observed with manual responses (no significant task conflict was observed). This exact pattern was replicated in Experiment 2. Also, and importantly, Experiment 2 also investigated whether and how the response modality effect affects Stroop facilitation. The results showed that the magnitude of Stroop facilitation was also larger when vocal as opposed to manual responses were used. This was due to the fact that semantic and response facilitation contributed to the overall Stroop facilitation observed with vocal responses, but surprisingly only semantic facilitation contributed with manual responses (no response facilitation was observed). We discuss these results in terms of quantitative rather than qualitative differences in processing between vocal and manual Stroop tasks, within the framework of an integrative multi-stage account of Stroop interference (Augustinova et al., 2018a).

Item Type:Article
ISSN:1664-1078
Uncontrolled Keywords:stroop interference and facilitation, response modality, task conflict, semantic conflict, response conflict
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:32700
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:02 Sep 2019 15:31
Last Modified:02 Sep 2019 15:31

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