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Effects of a high DHA multi-nutrient supplement and exercise on mobility and cognition in older women (MOBILE): A randomised semi-blinded placebo controlled study.

Fairbairn, P., Tsofliou, F., Johnson, A. and Dyall, S.C., 2020. Effects of a high DHA multi-nutrient supplement and exercise on mobility and cognition in older women (MOBILE): A randomised semi-blinded placebo controlled study. British Journal of Nutrition, 124 (2), 146 - 155.

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DOI: 10.1017/S0007114520000719

Abstract

There is a complex interplay between mobility and cognition in older adults. We have previously shown that a high DHA multi-nutrient supplement improves habitual walking speed, verbal memory, and psychomotor response latency in older women. Exercise also improves mobility and cognition in older adults, and omega-3 fatty acids and exercise share a range of overlapping biological effects. This study examined for the first time the effects of the high DHA multi-nutrient supplement and aerobic exercise on mobility and cognition in older women. Women (mean age 67 y, SD 8) were assigned to the following groups: multi-nutrient (1 g DHA, 160 mg EPA, 240 mg Ginkgo biloba, 60 mg phosphatidylserine, 20 mg d-α tocopherol, 1 mg folic acid, and 20 µg vitamin B12 per day, N = 13), multi-nutrient and exercise (spin class twice per week, N = 14), exercise and placebo (N = 12), or placebo (N = 12). The multi-nutrient was given for 24 weeks, and exercise for 12 weeks. Trial registration: NCT03228550. No treatment effects were observed for the primary outcome, habitual walking speed. Improvements in verbal memory and executive function were seen for all treatments groups versus placebo (all, p<0.05). Significant improvements in self-reported emotional wellbeing were seen with multi-nutrient and exercise groups versus placebo (p = 0.03). The results suggest that the high DHA multi-nutrient supplement produces similar improvements in cognitive function to aerobic exercise, offering the intriguing prospect that supplementation may be able to mitigate some of the effects of low physical activity on cognitive function in the elderly.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:0007-1145
Additional Information:Running title: Multi-nutrient exercise mobility cognition.
Uncontrolled Keywords:DHA; Memory; B vitamins; Physical activity; Gait; dual task; homocysteine; multi-nutrient supplement only; multi-nutrient supplement and exercise; placebo supplement only; placebo supplement and exercise
Group:Faculty of Health & Social Sciences
ID Code:33699
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:10 Mar 2020 09:56
Last Modified:06 Jul 2020 11:18

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