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Optimal settings for childbirth.

Setola, N., Iannuzzi, L., Santini, M., Cocina, G.G., Naldi, E., Branchini, L., Morano, S., Escuriet Peiró, R. and Downe, S., 2018. Optimal settings for childbirth. Minerva Ginecologica, 70 (6), 687 - 699.

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DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4784.18.04327-7

Abstract

Many studies highlight how health is influenced by the settings in which people live, work, and receive health care. In particular, the setting in which childbirth takes place is highly influential. The physiological processes of women's labor and birth are enhanced in optimal ("salutogenic," or health promoting) environments. Settings can also make a difference in the way maternity staff practice. This paper focuses on how positive examples of Italian birth places incorporate principles of healthy settings. The "Margherita" Birth Center in Florence and the Maternity Home "Il Nido" in Bologna were purposively selected as cases where the physical-environmental setting seemed to reflect an embedded model of care that promotes health in the context of childbirth. Narrative accounts of the project design were collected from lead professional and direct inspections performed to elicit the key salutogenic components of the physical layout. Comparisons between cases with a standard hospital labor ward layout were performed. Cross-case similarities emerged. The physical characteristics mostly related to optimal settings were a result of collaborative design decisions with stakeholders and users, and the resulting local intention to maximize safe physiological birth, psychosocial wellbeing, facilitate movement and relaxation, prioritize space for privacy, intimacy, and favor human contact and relationships. The key elements identified in this paper have the potential to inform further investigations for the design or renovation of all birth places (including hospitals) in order to optimize the salutogenic component of any setting in any country.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:0026-4784
Uncontrolled Keywords:delivery, obstetric; female; humans; Italy; labor, Obstetric; maternal health services; pregnancy
Group:Faculty of Health & Social Sciences
ID Code:33712
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:12 Mar 2020 14:12
Last Modified:12 Mar 2020 14:23

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