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An exploration of the techniques, outputs and outcomes of circulation management at exhibitions.

Töppig, S. and Moital, M., 2020. An exploration of the techniques, outputs and outcomes of circulation management at exhibitions. International Journal of Event and Festival Management, 11 (3), 311-335.

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Circulation Management at Exhibitions vFinal.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.


DOI: 10.1108/IJEFM-10-2019-0050


Purpose – To establish how and why exhibition managers manage circulation, this study explores the techniques (specific activities used to influence circulation), outputs (tangible enhancements in the performance of the exhibition resulting from changes in circulation dynamics), and outcomes (benefits of those enhancements to exhibitors, attendees and the exhibition organiser) of circulation management. Design/methodology/approach – In face-to-face interviews, ten exhibition managers were asked how and why they manage attendee circulation, which also involved a card-sorting exercise to elicit tacit circulation management knowledge. Four different experienced exhibitions managers from three continents were asked to validate the findings. Findings – Four types of techniques were identified: magnet, layout, curiosity & playfulness and guiding techniques, with these implemented to achieve five outputs: greater footfall, better exposure to exhibits, enhanced navigation, greater buzz, and managing congestion levels. The results further show that circulation was managed to achieve a variety of organiser-, exhibitor- and attendee-related outcomes. The study uncovered a large range of factors influencing the employment of circulation management techniques. Conflicts in outputs resulting from several techniques are highlighted, requiring the exhibition manager to establish which outputs and resulting outcomes take priority over others. Originality/value – This exploratory study is the first study to propose a circulation management model for the exhibition context, equipping exhibition managers with knowledge to strategically manage attendee circulation.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Circulation management ; Techniques ; Outputs ; Outcomes ; Exhibitions
Group:Bournemouth University Business School
ID Code:33776
Deposited By: Symplectic RT2
Deposited On:16 Mar 2020 13:32
Last Modified:14 Mar 2022 14:21


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