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Refinement and validation of the IDIOM score for predicting the risk of gastrointestinal cancer in iron deficiency anaemia.

Almilaji, O., Smith, C., Surgenor, S., Clegg, A., Williams, E., Thomas, P. and Snook, J., 2020. Refinement and validation of the IDIOM score for predicting the risk of gastrointestinal cancer in iron deficiency anaemia. BMJ Open Gastroenterology, 7 (1), e000403.

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DOI: 10.1136/bmjgast-2020-000403

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To refine and validate a model for predicting the risk of gastrointestinal (GI) cancer in iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) and to develop an app to facilitate use in clinical practice. DESIGN: Three elements: (1) analysis of a dataset of 2390 cases of IDA to validate the predictive value of age, sex, blood haemoglobin concentration (Hb), mean cell volume (MCV) and iron studies on the probability of underlying GI cancer; (2) a pilot study of the benefit of adding faecal immunochemical testing (FIT) into the model; and (3) development of an app based on the model. RESULTS: Age, sex and Hb were all strong, independent predictors of the risk of GI cancer, with ORs (95% CI) of 1.05 per year (1.03 to 1.07, p<0.00001), 2.86 for men (2.03 to 4.06, p<0.00001) and 1.03 for each g/L reduction in Hb (1.01 to 1.04, p<0.0001) respectively. An association with MCV was also revealed, with an OR of 1.03 for each fl reduction (1.01 to 1.05, p<0.02). The model was confirmed to be robust by an internal validation exercise. In the pilot study of high-risk cases, FIT was also predictive of GI cancer (OR 6.6, 95% CI 1.6 to 51.8), but the sensitivity was low at 23.5% (95% CI 6.8% to 49.9%). An app based on the model was developed. CONCLUSION: This predictive model may help rationalise the use of investigational resources in IDA, by fast-tracking high-risk cases and, with appropriate safeguards, avoiding invasive investigation altogether in those at ultra-low predicted risk.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:2054-4774
Uncontrolled Keywords:endoscopy ; gastrointestinal neoplasia ; iron deficiency
Group:Faculty of Health & Social Sciences
ID Code:34042
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:27 May 2020 13:54
Last Modified:27 May 2020 13:54

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