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Respiratory characteristics of individuals with non-specific low back pain: A cross-sectional study.

Mohan, V., Paungmali, A., Sitilerpisan, P., Hashim, U.F., Mazlan, M.B. and Nasuha, T.N., 2018. Respiratory characteristics of individuals with non-specific low back pain: A cross-sectional study. Nursing and Health Sciences, 20 (2), 224 - 230.

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DOI: 10.1111/nhs.12406

Abstract

Non-specific low back pain (NS-LBP) is known to cause respiratory dysfunction. In this study, we investigated alterations in breathing, respiratory strength and endurance, core stability, diaphragm mobility, and chest expansion among patients with NS-LBP and healthy individuals. The specific aim of the study was to correlate between respiratory function and other variables among NS-LBP patients. Thirty four patients with NS-LBP were matched with 34 healthy participants before undergoing total faulty breathing scale, spirometer, respiratory pressure meter, chest expansion, ultrasound, and pressure biofeedback measurements. There were signs of faulty breathing in the NS-LBP patients when compared to the healthy participants. Diaphragmatic mobility and respiratory muscle endurance were lower in the NS-LBP group. Chest expansion exhibited a significant decrease at the level of the fourth intercostal space in the NS-LBP group, but respiratory muscle strength and core stability were not significant between the two groups. Positive correlations were found to be fairly significant regarding respiratory muscle strength. The findings of this study indicated altered respiratory characteristics in the NS-LBP patients, and suggested that they would improve through respiratory exercises.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:1441-0745
Uncontrolled Keywords:Malaysia ; breathing ; diaphragm ; low back pain ; respiratory muscle endurance ; respiratory muscle strength ; Adolescent ; Adult ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Female ; Humans ; Low Back Pain ; Malaysia ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Pain Measurement ; Respiratory Mechanics ; Statistics, Nonparametric
Group:Faculty of Health & Social Sciences
ID Code:34044
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:28 May 2020 08:50
Last Modified:28 May 2020 08:50

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