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Evaluation of Dark Etching Regions for Standard Bearing Steel under Accelerated Rolling Contact Fatigue.

Abdullah, M.U., Khan, Z. A. and Kruhoeffer, W., 2020. Evaluation of Dark Etching Regions for Standard Bearing Steel under Accelerated Rolling Contact Fatigue. Tribology International, 152 (December), 106579.

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DOI: 10.1016/j.triboint.2020.106579

Abstract

Subsurface microstructural alterations are formed in the later stages of rolling contact fatigue (RCF) under high contact pressure. The subsurface changes observed as a dark contrast under optical microscopy are classified as Dark Etching Regions (DERs). Despite the fact that DERs have been presented for several decades, the understanding of its development and growth is yet to comprehend. Current research employed a modified high-speed microprocessor rotary tribometer to conduct systematic RCF study under accelerated testing conditions with variable temperatures and contact pressures. Comprehensive RCF data has been acquired, analysed and is reported for the very first time with ball-on-ball point contact loading conditions. The subsurface microscopic investigations have shown the ongoing progression and development of DER extent and are reported to be associated with the accumulation of plasticity during RCF. The comparison of the DER with the responsible stress components have revealed that DER formation is more closely related to the von Mises stresses when superposed with residual stresses. The experimentally observed area fraction of dark etching zones has been evaluated in terms of DER% and compared with the dislocation assisted carbon diffusion model for DER formation. The overprediction of the numerical model in comparison with the presented results in current research manifests its limitations which can be improved with the incorporation of cyclic plasticity governed by evolved von Mises stresses. The evaluated DER results are further presented as a 3D DER% maps incorporating the combined effects of contact stress, temperature and rolling cycles simultaneously which provides a comprehensive understanding of RCF from a microstructural point of view and thus can be used as guidelines for DER formation models.

Item Type:Article
ISSN:0301-679X
Uncontrolled Keywords:Ball Bearings ; Rolling Contact Fatigue ; Dark Etching Regions ; White Etching Bands ; 4-Ball Test
Group:Faculty of Science & Technology
ID Code:34343
Deposited By: Unnamed user with email symplectic@symplectic
Deposited On:29 Jul 2020 08:02
Last Modified:09 Sep 2020 09:14

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